Anyone who enjoys cold weather camping can tell you about its many benefits: no bugs, no crowds, and an extreme peacefulness and beauty that is difficult to experience any other time. But of course these benefits don’t come free, and the primary challenge in winter camping is the simple necessity of keeping warm, especially while sleeping. At Enlightened Equipment, we like to rely on a very simple yet versatile method to hit sub-zero temperatures: layering multiple sleep systems.
For those who only occasionally do winter trips, the first benefit is simply cost. By using two sleep systems (typically one summer and one shoulder-season) they’re actually giving themselves three temperature ratings. For example, if you have a 40° for summer use and a 20°F for the shoulder seasons, you can use each independently, and then in winter combine them for a -10°F rating. Both sleep systems combined would often still come in at a lower price than a sleep system rated to -10°F. For reference, below we’ve included a chart to calculate the approximate ratings of combine sleep systems. Note that these ratings only follow down to -40°F (which is also -40°C). Use below these temperatures is possible, but using either quilts or sleeping bags below -10F requires some experience using them, and requires well thought-out insulation for your head/face and a very efficient insulator underneath you.
**Use below 0ºF should be limited to experienced users. Any time a sleep system is used, you MUST include adequate sleeping pad and head insulation. Please use caution when spending time outdoors in very cold temperatures.
Also keep in mind that a tight-fitting quilt may not loft as fully as it should to hit its temperature rating, so the quilt used on top may need to be somewhat larger to allow a good fit for the quilt below it.
This style of sleep system doesn’t necessarily need to include two quilts. Using a sleeping bag or mummy bag along with one of our quilts is also a very effective way to add some versatility to your kit. When using two quilts keeping everything in place couldn’t be simpler. In order to keep everything held together in cold weather, EE offers the “Sub-Zero Strap”, which allows you to attach two EE sleep systems to your pad at once. While any two of our solo systems can be used, one of the most popular combinations is to use a Revelation APEX as the outer quilt, and a Revelation or Enigma as the inner quilt.
Whether awake or asleep, we’re always releasing a certain amount of moisture into the air. In very cold weather, this cooling happens very quickly, allowing the water to condense into droplets, perhaps, even before it is able to pass all the way through your insulation. This can cause your insulation to lose its loft and effectively it’s warmth. It’s important to try and keep any moisture outside of your sleep system when possible. This is why you see many layered systems using synthetic insulation. The synthetic insulation can continue to offer a higher level of insulation when damp. However, most of the time, the heat created in your sleep system will be enough to keep the moisture out and your down dry. If you do find that you need some help keeping the dew off of you, try using a vapor barrier to help block the moisture (ie: Plastic or foil blanket, a rain jacket, etc…). Check out out Quilts Compared and Insulation & Loft articles to learn more about the differences in insulation
Many users may find it surprising to even consider using one or more sleep systems in cold weather at all, typically for concern about drafts. A well-fitted quilt should offer enough coverage to keep drafts blocked out and leave some extra space for insulated clothing layers. Because there’s no zipper (which can be very frustrating to use with gloves on), getting under and out of the sleep system, or even two is as simple as using a blanket at home. This makes late-night trips much less clumsy than when you’re using a tight-fitting mummy bag in cold weather, and if you’re wearing a Hoodlum or something similar, you have the added benefit of taking your head insulation with you.
Ultimately your kit should serve the specific trips you find yourself on. For some, that will mean having a dedicated sub-zero bag, but for many of us, the layering system will be completely effective to reach those temperatures when we find we need to.